Accident cost
(a) Injury and illness costs
  •  Medical treatment
  •  Compensation costs
(b) Ledger costs of property damage
  •  Product and material damage
  •  Production delays
  •  Tool and equipment damage
  •  Building damage
  •  Expenditure of emergency supplies
  •  Legal expenses
  •  Investigation time
  •  Wages paid for time lost
  •  Overtime
  •  Cost of hiring and training replacement
  •  Loss of business and goodwill
Management control of loss
Management control system is the planning, organizing, leading and controlling of all vital functions in the HSE aspects
  • Identification of work required to achieve desired loss objective Standards establishment.
  • Measuring performance.
  • Evaluating performance.
  • Correcting deficiencies.
Accident/incident investigations
Effective investigations is a key element to make reactive corrective actions. The investigation must never end in finger-pointing, blame-fixing or fault-finding exercises, but determine the real reasons for what happened and arrive at effective solutions to the problems involved .

Effective investigation reports shall
:
Describe what happened in an accurate statement
  • Determine the real causes
  • Decide the risks, likelihood for recurrence and potential for major loss 
  • Develop controls to eliminate the recurrence
  • Define trends for protective future work
  • Demonstrate concern for personnel involved
Planned inspections
Inspection is one of the best tools available to find problems and assess their risks before accidents and other loss occur.
A well-managed inspection program can meet goals, such as:
  • Identify potential problems that were not anticipated during design
  • Identify equipment deficiencies due to wear and tear, or inadequate capacity
  • Identify improper employee actions
  • Identify effect of changes in process or materials
  • Identify inadequacies in remedial actions
  • Provide management self-appraisal information
  • Demonstrate management commitment
Job/task analysis and procedure
Job/task analysis is a critical program activity, not only for the health and safety of workers, but also for the safety of the organization itself. To day there is enormous pressure to reduce cost while at the same time improving quality .
The single most useful tool to meet HSE objectives is to systematically analyze the work, which is done, and to establish appropriate procedures or practices to ensure it is consistently done the proper way.
The objective in job/task analyze is to apply a systematically and practical break down approach:
  • Identify the tasks
  • Identify the critical tasks
  • Break down critical tasks into steps or activities
  • Pin-point loss exposures
  • Make an efficiency check
  • Develop controls
  • Write procedure or practices
  • Put to work
  • Update and maintain records
Planned job/task observation
One quality, which sets supervisors apart from others, is their knowledge of what is going on in their areas of responsibility.
The best way to find out how well a person does a particular job or task is to observe him/her in doing it. The importance of identifying and evaluating changes in the ways people do critical tasks cannot be overstated. There is abundant evidence that undetected change in the workplace is a major source of causal factors that contribute to a high percentage of accidents.

Planned observation is a tool for observing conditions and practices in an organized and systematic way. It enables the observer to:
  • Pin-point practices that could cause accidents
  • Determine specific needs for coaching and training
  • Learn more about the work habits
  • Check the adequacy of existing job methods and procedures
  • Follow-up on the effectiveness of recent training
  • Give appropriate on-the-spot constructive correction
  • Spotlight specific behavior for recognition and reinforcement
Job observation can put real vision into supervision

Safety meetings
Safety meetings are a question of communication, and to deal with the problems on the table, you must know how to work with the people around it.
  • Effective safety meetings serve a number of basic management purposes:
  • They are often the only way that management can be sure that everyone has received a critical message in the most timely way
  • They create a cooperative climate through participation and group interaction
  • They help give everyone the same attention and exposure to information
  • They give the person conducting the meeting practice in improving
  • Communications and human relations skills
  • They help build that person's image as a leader in the minds of the team members
Occupational health
Occupational health hazards pose some of the most significant management challenges of this decade.
Frontline managers are in an ideal position to help reduce or otherwise control occupational health hazards because of their relationship to workers, their management skills and their knowledge of the work within their areas of responsibility.

Types of occupational health hazards workers are exposed to can be:
  • Chemicals; mist, vapors, gases, fumes, liquids and pastes whose chemical composition can create problems
  • Physical; noise, radiation, temperature, pressure, humidity, illumination and vibration
  • Biological; insects, fungi, viruses, bacteria and food poisoning
  • Ergonomic; monotony, work overload, body position, metabolic cycles and psychosocial
Waste control
Waste control is a vital part of loss control, it also relates to safety, since waste can contribute to accidents, injuries, environmental impact and damage. Plant air leakage is not only wasteful, but can also injure people and damage materials. Water leakage may create dangerous slippery surface, or damage costly equipment.
Waste control is beneficial because it results in:
  • Increased awareness of the value of tools, materials, equipment, supplies and facilities
  • A safer plant environment, with fewer serious injuries
  • Lower cost and higher profitability
  • Reduced damage, downtime and delays
Off-the-job and family safety
There are two major reasons why every company and every supervisor should be interested and involved in the off-the-job safety; the human and the business reason.
On the human side, no supervisor wants his or her people killed, disabled or otherwise harmed. Whether accidents occur on the job or off-the-job makes no difference in terms of the resulting pain, suffering and tragedy.
On the business side, there are many additional reasons for being interested and involved in off-the-job safety, such as:
  • Quality and production suffer when skilled workers are absent or disabled because of injury at home
  • Job performance is downgraded when workers are absent or distraught
  • Time and money has to be spent to recruit temporary manpower
 
2 - HSE PROGRAM
(2.1) Elements of the Health Program
TELESTAR has standard policy to carry out all occupational health service, including to develop and carry out various programs for surveillance and monitoring of the health of our employees.  |

(2.1.1) Health Checks

Health check is not mandatory for all new employee. The Company may however, require a health check .

(2.2) Elements of the Work Environment Program
Training programs are mandatory for all work that may encounter a risk for health hazard.
  • Such work shall be identified, and training and instruction shall comply with all regulations in force.
(2.2.1) Work Permit Program
A purpose made Work Permit procedure which includes, Company's requirements may be developed, agreed and implemented at relevant construction sites.
The procedure shall identify as a minimum the following types of work as basic for a Work Permit:
  • Shut down of vital safety systems
  • Hot work
  • Work in confined spaces
  • Depressurization
  • Blinding
  • Work above open sea
  • Mechanical isolation
  • Electrical isolation
  • Work on live electrical systems
(2.3.1) Waste control
TELESTAR Impose a system for segregating disposal of all material waste. A ll waste shall be controlled .

(2.3.2) Environment monitoring
A basic survey shall be done prior to any new activity that may create an impact to the environment where TELESTAR is planning to start such activities.

(2.3.3) Chemical control

Procurement of chemicals shall follow TELESTAR's procurement procedure.
Any procurement of a new chemical shall be subject to an evaluation against the possible use of a less toxic chemical.
Site Manager shall approve storage area and control system of harmful substances.
Any new chemical delivered to construction site shall be accompanied with a Chemical Data Sheet, (CDS) with all relevant information to health and environment hazards, and safety precautions filled in by supplier. Failure to this shall result in the chemical is placed in a quarantine area until a correct CDS is in place.

(2.4) Elements of the Safety Program

In TELESTAR HSE is a line management responsibility throughout the company, ref. Safety Policy signed by the President, section

(2.4.1) Safety training

Safety training program shall be developed for key personnel . Project Manager is responsible to ensure a complete program is developed and training received.

(2.4.2) Safety meetings

Safety meetings for all Project employees shall be held at each site at least once per month. The Site Manager shall be present.
Topics to be presented in the meetings are, but not limited to:
  • Incident statistics, with evaluation results and proposed corrective actions
  • Safety campaigns
  • Topic of the month, i.e. chemical hazards, compressed air, grinding wheels etc.
(2.4.3) Personal Protective Equipment
At construction sites, the following personal protective equipment are mandatory to wear, depending upon construction activities:
  • Helmet
  • Safety glasses
  • Coverall or jacket in a good visible color, i.e. red, orange etc.
  • Safety belt
  • Safety boots or shoes
Other need for personal protection equipment shall be identified, available, and used for special tasks, i.e. chemical exposure protection, safety belt etc.
Eye protection shall be posted at every stationary lathe, emery wheel, drilling machine, etc.

(2.4.4) Risk Identification

All new types of work shall be subject for a risk identification analysis by the line management and recommendations shall be made known to involved personnel before the job commences. .

(2.4.5) Safe Job Analysis

The foreman shall ensure a Safe Job Analysis (SJA) is performed before new
types of work start, and that the results are made known to the work force

(2.4.6) Safety Introduction to new Employees

All new employees on the construction sites shall receive a safety introduction before they commence work on their own.
The safety introduction shall include at least the following topics:
  • Reporting of near miss situations and other incidents.
  • Use of personal protective equipment
  • Fire/emergency instructions
  • General safety awareness related to the site
(2.4.7) Use of Chemicals
The use of chemicals shall be controlled:
  • All chemicals shall be identified on a properly filled in Chemical Data Sheet
  • All use of chemicals shall be logged
  • All acute chemical spillage shall be reported according to chapter 5.1.
  • A monthly report of chemicals used on construction sites shall be presented to Project HSE Manager
 
3 - REPORTING AND INVESTIGATION
(3.1) Incident reporting
Reporting of incidents shall as main principle follow accepted industry standards.
Project manager  is responsible for own and subcontractor's personnel with respect to reporting to Company the following incidents :
  • Oil spills over 500 liters
  • Chemical spill over 200 liters
  • Any fire extinguished by a fire extinguishing agents, or explosion
  • Any threat of collision or violating of safety Zone
  • Any work stopped/halted by a Safety Delegate,
(3.2) Safety Reporting
The report can contain the following items :
  • Number of personnel assigned full time to provide the Contract service.
  • Number of man-hours worked
  • Number of Lost Time Incidents (L TI)
  • Number of Restricted Work Incidents (RWI)
  • Number of lost worked hours due to L TI
  • Number of Medical Treatment Incident (MTI)
  • Number of First Aid Treatment (FAT)
  • Number of Material Damage Cases (MDC)
  • Number of Oil or Chemical Spills with Environmental impact
  • Number of reported Incidents not included in above
  • Frequency of L TI (H-value)
(3.3) Work Completion Safety Report
Upon completion of the work, the following may be delivered to Company:
  • A summary report of all reportable incidents
  • A summary of investigations made with corrective actions implemented .
  • A summary of all occupational illness
  • The project's total L TIF (H-value)
  • Any other reports of significant value as requested by Company
(3.4) Incident investigation
Depending of the potential severity of the incident, an investigation shall be made.
Results shall be made available for Company, and corrective actions implemented after being agreed by Company.

(3.5) Definition of reportable incidents

(3.5.1) Lost Time Incident (LTI) A work-related injury or illness resulting in an individual being unable to perform all normally assigned work functions during any scheduled work shift, or being assigned to another job on a temporary or permanent basis, after the day of injury.

(3.5.2) Restricted Wok  Incident (RWI)

A work-related injury resulting in an individual being unable to perform normally assigned work functions during any scheduled work shift, or being assigned to another job on a temporary or permanent basis, after the day of injury.

(3.5.3) Medical Treatment Incident (MTJ}Any work-related loss of consciousness, injury, or illness requiring more than first aid treatment by a physician, dentist, surgeon, medic or other registered medical personnel.

(3.5.4) First aid Treatment (FAT)

Any one-time treatment and subsequent observation of minor scratch HSE, cuts, burns, splinters, etc. which do not require medical care. However, a physician or other registered medical person may administer the first aid.

(3.5.5) Occupational illness
Any illness caused, provoked or aggravated by working environment exposures, including but not limited to, hearing loss or other illness due to be reported to the authorities.

(3.5.6) Near Miss (NM)
An unintended or unwanted event of circumstance which under slightly different conditions would have resulted in an incident.

(3.5.7) Total  Reportable Incidents (TRI)

The summary of all facilities, LTIs, RWls and MTls.

(3.5.8) Loss Time Incident Frequencies LTIF = H-value L TIF = Number of LTIs x 1,OOO,OOO/actual worked hours.
 
 
Construction and Equipment
Installation.
Provision of experienced technical staff.
Engineering Services.
Local and International procurement.
Per Commissioning and Commissioning Services.
Start-up phase Services.
Maintenance consultation including.
Technical Training.
Fire alarm systems and security.
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